bet3365验证码登录，Section 1: English-Chinese Translation (英译汉)
(60 point) The time for this section is 100 minutes.
Part A Compulsory Translation (必译题)
It was one of those days that the peasant fishermen on this tributary of
the Amazon River dream about.
With water levels falling rapidly at the peak of the dry season, a giant
school of bass, a tasty fish that fetches a good price at markets, was
swimming right into the nets being cast from a dozen small canoes here.
“With a bit of luck, you can make $350 on a day like this,” Lauro Souza
Almeida, a leader of the local fishermen’s cooperative, exulted as he
moved into position. “That is a fortune for people like us,” he said,
the equivalent of four months at the minimum wage earned by those
fortunate enough to find work.
But hovering nearby was a large commercial fishing vessel, a “mother
boat” equipped with large ice chests for storage and hauling more than a
dozen smaller craft. The crew on board was just waiting for the
remainder of the fish to move into the river’s main channel, where they
intended to scoop up as many as they could with their efficient gill
A symbol of abundance to the rest of the world, the Amazon is
experiencing a crisis of overfishing. As stocks of the most popular
species diminish to worrisome levels, tensions are growing between
subsistence fishermen and their commercial rivals, who are eager to
enrich their bottom line and satisfy the growing appetite for fish of
city-dwellers in Brazil and abroad.
In response, peasants up and down the Amazon, here in Brazil and in
neighboring countries like Peru, are forming cooperatives to control
fish catches and restock their rivers and lakes. But that effort,
increasingly successful, has only encouraged the commercial fishing
operations, as well as some of the peasants’ less disciplined neighbors,
to step up their depredations.
“The industrial fishing boats, the big 20- to 30-ton vessels, they have
a different mentality than us artisanal fishermen, who have learned to
take the protection of the environment into account,” said the president
of the local fishermen’s union. “They want to sweep everything up with
their dragnets and then move on, benefiting from our work and sacrifice
and leaving us with nothing.”
Part B Optional Translations (二选一)
Topic 1 (选题一)
Ever since the economist David Ricardo offered the basic theory in 1817,
economic scripture has taught that open trade—free of tariffs, quotas,
subsidies or other government distortions—improves the well-being of
both parties. U.S. policy has implemented this doctrine with a
vengeance. Why is free trade said to be universally beneficial? The
answer is a doctrine called “comparative advantage”.
Here’s a simple analogy. If a surgeon is highly skilled both at doing
operations and performing routine blood tests, it’s more efficient for
the surgeon to concentrate on the surgery and pay a less efficient
technician to do the tests, since that allows the surgeon to make the
most efficient use of her own time.
By extension, even if the United States is efficient both at inventing
advanced biotechnologies and at the routine manufacture of medicines, it
makes sense for the United States to let the production work migrate to
countries that can make the stuff more cheaply. Americans get the
benefit of the cheaper products and get to spend their resources on even
more valuable pursuits, That, anyway, has always been the premise. But
here Samuelson dissents. What if the lowerwage country also captures the
If enough higher-paying jobs are lost by American workers to
outsourcing, he calculates, then the gain from the cheaper prices may
not compensate for the loss in U.S. purchasing power.
“Free trade is not always a win-win situation,” Samuelson concludes. It
is particularly a problem, he says, in a world where large countries
with far lower wages, like India and China, are increasingly able to
make almost any product or offer almost any service performed in the
If America trades freely with them, then the powerful drag of their far
lower will begin dragging down U.S. average wages. The U.S. economy may
still grow, he calculates, but at a lower rate than it otherwise would
Topic 2 (选题二)
Uganda’s eagerness for genuine development is reflected in its
schoolchildren’s smiles and in the fact that so many children are now
going to school. Since 1997, when the government began to provide
universal primary education, total primary enrollment had risen from 3
million to 7.6 million in 2004. Schools have opened where none existed
before, although there is some way to go in reaching the poorest areas
of the country.
Uganda has also made strides in secondary and higher education, to the
point that it is attracting many students from other countries. At the
secondary level, enrollment is above 700,000, with the private sector
providing the majority if schools. For those who want to take their
education further, there are 12 private universities in addition to the
four publicly funded institutions, together providing 75,000 places.
Education is seen as a vital component in the fight against poverty. The
battle for better health is another, although it is one that will take
longer to win in a country that carries a high burden of disease,
including malaria and AIDS. Here, the solutions can only arise from a
combination of international support and government determination to
continue spending public money on preventive care and better public
Current government plants include recruiting thousands of nurses,
increasing the availability of drugs and building 200 new maternity
Uganda’s high rate of population growth, at 3.6 percent per annum, poses
a special challenge in the fight against poverty, says Finance Minister
Gerald Ssendaula, who points out that the fertility rate, at 6.9
children per female, is the highest in Africa.
The government’s newly revised Poverty Eradication Action Plan (PEAP)
puts the “restoration of security” at the top of the current government
agenda. This is because it estimates that Uganda has lost 3 percent of
its gross domestic product each year that the conflict has persisted.
Displaced people are not only a financial burden, they are unable to the
The other core challenges identified by the revised PEAP are finding
ways to keep the lowest income growing, improving the quality of
education, giving people more control over the size of their families
and using public resources transparently and efficiently. It is a
document that other poor countries could learn from.
Section 1: 英译汉 (60分)
Part A (必译题)(30分)
Part B 二选一题
Section 2: Chinese- English Translation(汉译英)
The time for this section is 80 minutes.
Part A Compulsory Translation (必译题)
Part B Optional Translations (二选一)
Topic 2 (选题二)
Section 2: 汉译英
Part A (必译题)
Mineral resources are an important part of natural resources and an
important material foundation for the development of human society.
China is one of the first countries in the world to develop and utilize
Over the past five decades, China has made great achievements in the
survey and development of its mineral resources. This has provided an
important guarantee for the sustained, rapid and sound development of
the Chinese economy. The Chinese Government attaches great importance to
sustainable development and the rational utilization of mineral
resources. It has made sustainable development a national strategy and
the protection of resources an important part of this strategy.
China is developing country with a large population and a relative
shortage of resources. It depends mainly on the exploitation of its own
mineral resources to meet the needs of its modernization program.
Meanwhile, it has made energetic efforts to introduce foreign capital
and technology to exploit its own resources, make use of foreign markets
and foreign mineral resources, and strive to help its own mining
enterprises and mineral products to enter the international market.
Part B 二选一题 (30分)
As everyone knows, birds cannot fly without wings and a person cannot
walk without legs. But for Yin Xiaoxing, while birds cannot fly without
wings, a person can walk even without legs!
Born in 1970 into a farmer’s family in Jiangsu Province, Yin Xiaoxing
suffered from polio and acute pneumonia at the age of only eight months.
He survived but lost the ability to stand on his feet. Because of his
disability, Xiaoxing had to give up his study after junior middle
school. The burden of life seemed to be especially heavy for him. He
tried to make a living by selling fruits, raising chickens and taking
pains to learn traditional Chinese medicine.
At the age of 21, this young man, with a map and a compass in hand,
embarked on the hard journey of traveling around China in his
In the last 12 years, Yin Xiaoxing traveled a total of 70,000 kilometers
in his wheelchair and left his footprints in 31 provinces,
municipalities and autonomous regions. During this period, he wore out
four wheelchairs. He left a trail of human records including climbing
more than 20 famous mountains like Mont Tai, Mount Hua and Mount Heng
with his hands, crossing the 5,231-meter-high Mount Tanggula alone,
traveling along the Silk Road in wheelchair, crossing the Taklimakan
Desert, getting to the top of the Oriental Pearl TV Tower in Shanghai
with his hands, and completing the journey from the desert to Hong Kong.
The Great Wall is a wonder of the world. Now, millions of people journey
to the Great Wall each year, making its most popular sites besieged by
hordes of tourists during busy seasons.
The Chinese have a long history of building walls, dating from the
Warring States period. In history, about 20 walls were built, with the
wall constructed during the Ming Dynasty being the longest, extending
6,700 km. China was the most technologically advanced nation in the
world then, so the wall was also the most sophisticated in structure. It
was built to ward off the invasion of nomads from the north.
After the establishment of the Qing Dynasty, since its founders were
themselves nomads, they did not see a need to continue with wall
building. Nonetheless, the Qing government did institute a law to
preserve the wall, banning the removal of bricks from it. But, the
impact of time and continuous wars have left the wall greatly damaged in
its most accessible sections.
Over the past 10-plus years, the booming tourist industry has stimulated
the Great wall’s renovation project. Now, many of its sections have been
or are being revamped.